Italy is currently in a state of emergency until January 2021 because of the pandemic.
After being hard hit in the early stages of the pandemic, the country was one of the first to reopen to visitors in June, although entry is largely limited to European Union residents.
What's on offer
This is one of Europe's big hitters, known for its historic cities of art like Florence, one-off wonders such as Venice, and the seat of the Catholic church in Rome.
Incredible food, fantastic wine, unspoiled countryside and a string of beach resorts mean it's always in demand.
Who can go
Until November 24, there's unrestricted travel to EU residents. Arrivals from Belgium, France, Netherlands, Czech Republic, Spain and the UK must test negative on arrival (see below). Arrivals from Romania must self-isolate for 14 days on arrival.
Arrivals are also allowed from 10 non-EU countries: Australia, Canada, Georgia, Japan, New Zealand, Rwanda, South Korea, Thailand, Tunisia and Uruguay. However, those visitors must self-isolate for 14 days on arrival.
Tourism is not currently allowed from any other country, including the United States -- and since overnight stays must be registered with the authorities, there's no chance of sneaking in via a secondary country.
Note that these rules apply nationally. Individual regions have the power to impose their own restrictions on who enters and exits.
Currently, no region has done this, however.
What are the restrictions
Arrivals from Belgium, France, Netherlands, Czech Republic, Spain and the UK must either present a negative test carried out in the past 72 hours, or get swabbed on arrival, either at the border or locally, within 48 hours of arrival. Italy has received consistent praise for its swab-on-arrival program.
Arrivals from the 10 non-EU countries allowed must not take public transport to their destination, and must self-isolate for 14 days.
What's the Covid situation?
As the first hit European country, Italy has been through a lot. However, a strict lockdown brought things under control and it held out against a second wave for longer than its European neighbors. However, cases started rising in September and spiking sharply in October.
On November 5, there were 34,505 new infections announced. The most affected regions are in the north -- Lombardy, Piedmont and Valle d'Aosta -- as well as Calabria in the south. All these have been declared red zones (see below).
App Immuni uses Bluetooth to track contact with potential infection.
What can visitors expect
Italy's state of emergency has delegated power to individual regions, so it depends where you are. But across the country, masks must be worn at all times in public, even outside.
On November 6, the country was divided into zones, depending on infection levels: red, orange and yellow.
In yellow zones (lowest case numbers), bars and restaurants close at 6 p.m.; restaurant groups are limited to six people. Local festivals have been banned, and museums, theaters, cinemas and gyms are closed. Shopping centers are closed at weekends. There is a nightly curfew from 10 p.m. to 5 a.m.
In orange zones (higher risk), restaurants and bars are closed entirely and regional borders are closed. People can move freely within their own towns, but cannot leave their area unless for work or an emergency. Orange zones are Puglia and Sicily, as of November 6.
In red zones (highest risk), all shops are closed other than grocery stores and pharmacies. People may only leave their homes for work or health reasons. Red zones are Lombardy, Piedmont, Valle d'Aosta and Calabria.
Some regions, which are seeing particularly high spikes, have introduced additional curfews.